Type 2 diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke, and lower limb amputation. It occurs when your body is either unable to make enough insulin or it is unable to fully respond to the insulin it does make. Normally, the foods you eat are broken down into simple sugars that travel in the blood to feed cells. Insulin is a molecule your body makes that tells your cells to take in the insulin. Without normal insulin, your cells are not able to take up the glucose from your blood. The result is a higher than normal amount of sugar in the blood. This high amount of sugar can cause damage to small blood vessels as well as nerves and cause problems such as neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, foot ulcers and many more.
If you have any questions about type II diabetes please schedule a medical education consultation. During medical education consultation a medical student sit down with you and take the time to explain everything you need to know about type II diabetes then answer any questions you may have. You can also get support for making changes to your eating and exercise habits as primary steps to prevent and/or manage type II diabetes.
By Luke Vaughn
Source: Jiang, J. (2017, April). PDB101: Global Health: Diabetes Mellitus: Monitoring: Complications. Retrieved from https://pdb101.rcsb.org/global-health/diabetes-mellitus/monitoring/complications